passport moldovaThe law defines citizenship as a permanent legal and political bond between a natural person and the Republic of Moldova, generating mutual rights and obligations between the state and the individual.
The citizenship of the Republic of Moldova shall be preserved both in the territory of the Republic of Moldova and in other states, as well as in the territory over which no state has sovereignty.
Citizens of the Republic of Moldova shall be equal before the Law and public authorities and shall equally enjoy all the social, economic and political rights and the freedoms proclaimed and guaranteed by the Constitution and other laws and by international agreements to which Moldova is a party.

Grounds for Acquisition of Citizenship:
a) birth;
b) adoption;
c) recognition;
d) recovery;
e) naturalisation;

Acquisition of Citizenship by Birth:
Citizen of the Republic of Moldova shall be the child:
a) born to parents, both or one of whom is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova, upon his/her birth.
b) born in the territory of the Republic of Moldova, whose parents are stateless persons.
c) born in the territory of the Republic of Moldova, whose parents possess the citizenship of another state, or one of them is stateless and the other one is a foreign citizen.
The foundling found in the territory of the Republic of Moldova shall be considered its citizen, unless otherwise proven, before the age of 18.

Acquisition of Citizenship by Adoption:
1. A stateless child shall automatically acquire the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova through adoption if the adoptive parent(s) is/are citizen(s) of the Republic of Moldova.
2. Both the adoptive parents, of whom one is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova and the other one is a foreign citizen, shall jointly decide on the child’s citizenship. If they fail to reach a mutual agreement, the court shall decide upon the affiliation of the child to the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova, taking into account his/her interests. When a child reaches the age of 14, his/her consent, certified by a notary, shall be required.
3. The child – a foreign citizen, adopted by spouses, both or one of whom is a citizen of the Republic of Moldova and the other one is a foreign citizen or stateless person, can become a citizen of the Republic of Moldova if he/she renounces the citizenship of the foreign state, except in cases provided by international agreements to which the Republic of Moldova is a party.

Acquisition of Citizenship by Recognition:
1. Individuals who acquired and retained the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova under previous legislation and those who acquired citizenship under present law shall be recognized as citizens of the Republic of Moldova.
2. Recognized citizens of the Republic of Moldova shall be individuals who wish to become citizens of the Republic of Moldova and namely:
a) those born in the territory of the Republic of Moldova or at least those, one of whose parents, or grandparents were born in the above-mentioned territory;
b) those who before 28 June 1940 resided in Basarabia, in the North Bucovina, Hertza Region, and the M.A.S.S.R., their descendants, if they have lawful and habitual residence in the Republic of Moldova;
c) those who have been deported or those who have fled the Republic of Moldova, since 28 June 1940, and the descendants thereof.
d) Persons who, before June 23, 1990, lawfully and permanently resided in the territory of the Republic of Moldova and continue to live at the moment.

Recovery of Citizenship:
1. The person, who previously possessed the citizenship of the Republic of
Moldova, can recover it upon request, keeping at wish, the foreign citizenship, if
he/she does not committed international, war crimes or crimes against humanity, as well as, not performs activities which jeopardize the safety of the state, public order, people’s health or their moral conduct;
2. The person who was deprived of the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova for committing actions seriously prejudicing the vital interests of the state may not recover it. In the cases when applicant acquired before the citizenship of the Republic of Moldova by way of fraud, false information or was voluntarily enrolled in a foreign military service, he/she may recover citizenship only in line with the requirements of naturalization, but not earlier than five years of permanent lawful and habitual residence in the territory of the Republic of Moldova upon the deprivation of citizenship.

Requirements for Naturalisation:
Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova may be granted upon request to a person who reached 18 years of age and who:
a) though not born in this territory, has resided lawfully and habitually here at least for the last ten years; or has been married to a citizen of the Republic of Moldova for at least three years; or has resided lawfully and habitually for at least three years with parents or children (inclusively adoptive parents and adopted children) who are citizens of the Republic of Moldova;
b) has resided lawfully and habitually in the territory of the Republic of Moldova for five years before reaching the age of 18;
c) is stateless or a recognized refugee, according to provisions of the national Law, and has resided lawfully and habitually in the territory of the Republic of Moldova for at least eight years,
d) knows and observes the provisions of the Constitution;
e) knows the national language, sufficiently well to integrate into social life;
f) has lawful means of subsistence;
g) loses or renounces the citizenship of another state, if possessed, except in cases when the loss or the renunciation is not possible or cannot reasonably be requested.

The above is intended to provide a brief guide only. It is essential that appropriate professional advice is obtained. Our office will be glad to assist you in this respect. Please do not hesitate to contact us.

Related posts